1. What does the woman think of the movie?
A. It’s amusing. B. It’s exciting. C. It’s disappointing.
2. How will Susan spend most of her time in France?
A. Traveling around.
B. Studying at a school.
C. Looking after her aunt.
3. What are the speakers talking about?
A. Going out.
B. Ordering drinks.
C. Preparing for a party.
4. Where are the speakers?
A. In a classroom. B. In a library. C. In a bookstore.
5. What is the man going to do?
A. Go on the Internet. B. Make a phone call. C. Take a train trip.
6. What is the woman looking for?
A. An information office. B. A police station. C. A shoe repair shop.
7. What is the Town Guide according to the man?
A. A brochure. B. A newspaper. C. A map.
8. What does the man say about the restaurant?
A. It’s the biggest one around.
B. It offers many tasty dishes.
C. It’s famous for its seafood.
9. What will the woman probably order?
A. Fried fish. B. Roast chicken. C. Beef steak.
10. Where will Mr. White be at 11 o’clock?
A. At the office. B. At the airport. C. At the restaurant.
11. What will Mr. White probably do at one in the afternoon?
A. Receive a guest. B. Have a meeting. C. Read a report.
12. When will Miss Wilson see Mr. White?
A. At lunch time.
B. Late in the afternoon.
C. The next morning.
13. Why is Bill going to Germany?
A. To work on a project.
B. To study German.
C. To start a new company.
14. What did the woman dislike about Germany?
A. The weather. B. The food. C. The schools.
15. What does Bill hope to do about his family?
A. Bring them to Germany.
B. Leave them in England.
C. Visit them in a few months.
16. What is the probable relationship between the speakers?
A. Fellow-travelers. B. Colleagues. C. Classmates.
17. When did it rain last time in Juárez?
A. Three days ago. B. A month ago. C. A year ago.
18. What season is it now in Juárez?
A. Spring. B. Summer. C. Autumn.
19. What are the elderly advised to do?
A. Take a walk in the afternoon.
B. Keep their homes cool.
C. Drink plenty of water.
20. What is the speaker doing?
A. Hosting a radio program.
B. Conducting a seminar.
C. Forecasting the weather.
例：It is generally considered unwise to give a child _________ he or she wants.
A. however B. whatever C. whichever D. whenever
21. Many Chinese brands, _______ their reputations over centuries, are facing new challenges from the modern market.
A. having developed B. being developed
C. developed D. developing
22. ______not for the support of the teachers, the student could not overcome her difficulty.
A. It were B. Were it C. It was D. Was it
23. Located _______ the Belt meets the Road, Jiangsu will contribute more to the Belt and Road construction.
A. why B. when C. which D. where
24. The publication of Great Expectations, which ________ both widely reviewed and highly praised, strengthened Dickens’ status as a leading novelist.
A. is B. are C. was D. were
25. Working with the medical team in Africa has _______ the best in her as a doctor.
A. held out B. brought out C. picked out D. given out
26. We choose this hotel because the price for a night here is down to $20, half of ________it used to charge.
A. that B. which C. what D. how
27. He hurried home, never once looking back to see if he_________.
A. was being followed B. was following
C. had been followed D. followed
28. In 1963 the UN set up the World Food Programme, one of _______ purposes is to relieve worldwide starvation.
A. which B. it’s C. whose D. whom
29.Only five years after Steve Jobs’ death, smart–phones defeated _______ PCs in sales.
A. controversial B. contradictory C. confidential D. conventional
30. A quick review of successes and failures at the end of year will help ______ your year ahead.
A. shape B. switch C. stretch D. sharpen
31. He’s been informed that he _______ for the scholarship because of his academic background.
A. hasn’t qualified B. hadn’t qualified
C. doesn’t qualify D. wasn’t qualifying
32. Determining where we are _______ our surroundings remains an essential skill for our survival.
A. in contrast to B. in defense of
C. in face of D. in relation to
33. —What does the stuff on your T-shirt mean?
—it’s nothing. Just something _________.
A. as clear as day B. off the top of my head
C. under my nose D. beyond my wildest dreams
34. The disappearance of dinosaurs is not necessarily caused by astronomical incidents. But _______explanations are hard to find.
A. alternative B. aggressive C. ambiguous D. apparent
35. —Going to watch the Women’s Volleyball Match on Wednesday?
—________! Will you go with me?
A. You there B. You bet C. You got me D. You know better
For a long time Gabriel didn’t want to be involved in music at all. In his first years of high school, Gabriel would look pityingly at music students, 36 across the campus with their heavy instrument cases, 37 at school for practice hours 38 anyone else had to be there. He swore to himself to 39 music, as he hated getting to school extra early.
40 , one day, in the music class that was 41 of his school’s standard curriculum, he was playing idly (随意地) on the piano and found it 42 to pick out tunes. With a sinking feeling, he realized that he actually 43 doing it. He tried to hide his 44 pleasure from the music teacher, who had 45 over to listen. He might not have this particularly well, 46 the teacher told Gabriel that he had a good 47 and suggested that Gabriel go into the music store-room to see if any of the instruments there 48 him. There he decided to give the cello (大提琴) a 49 . When he began practicing, he took it very 50 . But he quickly found that he loved playing this instrument, and was 51 to practicing it so that within a couple of months he was playing reasonably well.
This 52 , of course, that he arrived at school early in the morning, 53 his heavy instrument case across the campus to the 54 looks of the non-musicians he had left 55 .
36. A. travelling B. marching C. pacing D. struggling
37. A. rising up B. coming up C. driving up D. turning up
38. A. before B. after C. until D. since
39. A. betray B. accept C. avoid D. appreciate
40. A. Therefore B. However C. Thus D. Moreover
41. A. part B. nature C. basis D. spirit
42. A. complicated B. safe C. confusing D. easy
43. A. missed B. disliked C. enjoyed D. denied
44. A. transparent B. obvious C. false D. similar
45. A. run B. jogged C. jumped D. wandered
46. A. because B. but C. though D. so
47. A.ear B. taste C. heart D. voice
48. A. occurred to B. took to C. appealed to D. held to
49. A. change B. chance C. mission D. function
50. A. seriously B. proudly C. casually D. naturally
51. A. committed B. used C. limited D. admitted
52. A. proved B. showed C. stressed D. meant
53. A. pushing B. dragging C. lifting D. rushing
54. A. admiring B. pitying C. annoying D. teasing
55. A. over B. aside C. behind D. out
—The Unbelievable Years that Defined History
DID YOU KNOW…
◆In 105 AD paper was invented in China?
◆When Columbus discovered the New World?
◆The British Museum opened in 1759?
CHRONOLOGICA is a fascinating journey through time, from the foundation of Rome to the creation of the internet. Along the way are tales of kings and queens, hot air balloons…and monkeys in space.
Travel through 100 of the most unbelievable years in world history and learn why being a Roman Emperor wasn’t always as good as it sounds, how the Hundred Years’ War didn’t actually last for 100 years and why Spencer Perceval holds a rather unfortunate record.
This complete but brief historical collection is certain to entertain readers young and old, and guaranteed to present even the biggest history lover with something new!
56. What is CHRONOLOGICA according to the next?
A. A biography. B. A travel guide.
C. A history book. D. A science fiction.
57. How does the writer recommend CHRONOLOGICA to readers?
A. By giving details of its collection.
B. By introducing some of its contents.
C. By telling stories at the beginning.
D. By comparing it with other books.
Red-backed fairy Wrens (鹪鹩), which live in northern and eastern Australia, lay three or four eggs at a time.
This educational method was first observed in 2012 by Sonia Kleindorfer, a biologist at Flinders University in South Australia, and her colleagues. Female Australian superb fairy wrens were found to repeat one sound over and over again while hatching their eggs. When the eggs were hatched, the baby birds made the similar chirp to their mothers—a sound that served as their regular “feed me!” call.
To find out if the special quality was more widespread in birds, the researchers sought the red-backed fairy wren, another species of Australian songbird. First they collected sound data from 67 nests in four sites in Queensland before and after hatching. Then they identified begging calls by analyzing the order and number of notes. A computer analysis blindly compared calls produced by mothers and chicks, ranking them by similarity.
It turns out that baby red-backed fairy wrens also emerge chirping like their moms. And the more frequently mothers had called to their eggs, the more similar were the babies’ begging calls. In addition, the team set up a separate experiment that suggested that the baby birds that most closely imitated their mom’s voice were rewarded with the most food.
This observation hints that effective embryonic learning could signal neurological(神经系统的) strengths of children to parents. An evolutionary inference can then be drawn. “As a parent, do you invest in quality children, or do you invest in children that are in need?” Kleindorfer asks. “Our results suggest that they might be going for quality.”
58. The underlined phrase in Paragraph 1 means “ ”.
A. be the worst B. be the best
C. be just as bad D. be just as good
59. What are Kleindorfer’s findings based on?
A. Similarities between the calls moms and chicks.
B. The observation of fairy wrens across Australia.
C. The data collected from Queensland’s locals.
D. Controlled experiments on wrens and other birds.
60. Embryonic learning helps mother birds to identify the baby birds which .
A. can receive quality signals B. are in need of training
C. fit the environment better D. make the loudest call
A new commodity brings about a highly profitable,fast-growing industry, urging antitrust (反垄断) regulators to step in to check those who control its flow. A century ago, the resource in question was oil. Now similar concerns are being raised by the giants (巨头) that deal in data, the oil of the digital age. The most valuable firms are Google, Amazon, Facebook and Microsoft. All look unstoppable.
Such situations have led to calls for the tech giants to be broken up. But size alone is not a crime. The giants’ success has benefited consumers. Few want to live without search engines or a quick delivery. Far from charging consumers high prices, many of these services are free (users pay, in effect, by handing over yet more data). And the appearance of new-born giants suggests that newcomers can make waves, too.
But there is cause for concern. The internet has made data abundant, all-present and far more valuable, changing the nature of data and competition. Google initially used the data collected from users to target advertising better. But recently it has discovered that data can be turned into new services: translation and visual recognition, to be sold to other companies. Internet companies’ control of data gives them enormous power. So they have a “God’s eye view” of activities in their own markets and beyond.
This nature of data makes the antitrust measures of the past less useful. Breaking up firms like Google into five small ones would not stop remaking themselves: in time, one of them would become great again. A rethink is required—and as a new approach starts to become apparent, two ideas stand out.
The first is that antitrust authorities need to move from the industrial age into the 21st century. When considering a merger (兼并), for example, they have traditionally used size to determine when to step in. They now need to take into account the extent of firms’ data assets (资产) when assessing the impact of deals. The purchase price could also be a signal that an established company is buying a new-borm threat. When this takes place, especially when a new-born company has no revenue to speak of, the regulators should raise red flags.
The second principle is to loosen the control that providers of on-line services have over data and give more to those who supply them.Companies could be forced to reveal to consumers what information they hold and how much money they make from it. Govemments could order the sharing of certain kinds of data, with users’ consent.
Restarting antitrust for the information age will not be easy. But if governments don’t want a data economy controlled by a few giants, they must act soon.
61. Why is there a call to break up giants?
A. They have controlled the data market
B. They collect enormous private data
C. They no longer provide free services
D. They dismissed some new-born giants
62. What does the technological innovation in Paragraph 3 indicate?
A. Data giants’ technology is very expensive
B. Google’s idea is popular among data firms
C. Data can strengthen giants’ controlling position
D. Data can be turned into new services or products
63. By paying attention to firms’ data assets, antitrust regulators could .
A. kill a new threat
B. avoid the size trap
C. favour bigger firms
D. charge higher prices
64. What is the purpose of loosening the giants’ control of data?
A. Big companies could relieve data security pressure.
B. Governments could relieve their financial pressure.
C. Consumers could better protect their privacy.
D. Small companies could get more opportunities.
Old Problem，New Approaches
While clean energy is increasingly used in our daily life, global warning will continue for some decades after CO2 emission (排放) peak. So even if emission were to begin decrease today, we would still face the challenge of adapting to climate. Here I will stress some smarter and more creative examples of climate adaptation.
When it comes to adaptation，it is important to understand that climate change is a process. We are therefore not talking about adapting to a new standard，but to a constantly shifting set of conditions. This is why, in part at least，the US National Climate Assessment says that: “There is no ‘one-size fit all’ adaptation.” Nevertheless，there are some actions that offer much and carry little risk or cost.
Around the world people are adapting in surprising ways, especially in some poor countries. Floods have some more damaging in Bangladesh in recent decades. Mohammed Rezwan saw opportunity where others saw only disaster. His not-for-profit organization runs 100 river boats that server as floating libraries, schools, and health clinics, and are equipped with solar panels and other communicating facilities. Rezwan is creating floating connectivity (连接) to replace flooded roads and highways. But he is also working at a far more fundamental level: his staff show people how to make floating gardens and fish ponds to prevent starvation during the wet season.
Elsewhere in Asia even more astonishing actions are being taken. Chewang Norphel lives in a mountainous region in India, where he is known as the Ice Man. The loss of glaciers (冰川) there due to global warming represents an enormous threat to agriculture. Without the glaciers, water will arrive in the rivers at times when it can damage crops. Norphel’s inspiration came from seeing the waste of water over winter, when it was not needed. He directed the wasted water into shallow basins where it froze, and was stored until the spring. His fields of ice supply perfectly timed irrigation(灌溉) water. Having created nine such ice reserves, Norphel calculates that he has stored about 200, 000m3 of water. Climate change is a continuing process, so Norphel’s ice reserves will not last forever. Warming will overtake them. But he is providing a few years during which the farmers will, perhaps, be able to find other means of adapting.
Increasing Earth’s reflectiveness can cool the planet. In southern Spain the sudden increase of greenhouses (which reflect light back to space) has changed the warming trend locally, and actually cooled the region. While Spain as a whole is heating up quickly, temperatures near the greenhouses have decreased. This example should act as an inspiration for all cities. By painting buildings white, cities may slow down the warming process.
In Peru, local farmers around a mountain with a glacier that has already fallen victim to climate change have begun painting the entire mountain peak white in the hope that the added reflectiveness will restore the life-giving ice. The outcome is still far from clear. But the World Bank has included the project on its list of “100 ideas to save the planet”.
More ordinary forms of adaptation are happening everywhere. A friend of mine owns an area of land in western Victoria. Over five generations the land has been too wet for cropping. But during the past decade declining rainfall has allows him to plant highly profitable crops. Farmers in many countries are also adapting like this—either by growing new produce, or by growing the same things differently. This is common sense. But some suggestions for adapting are not. When the polluting industries argue that we’ve lost the battle to control carbon pollution and have no choice but to adapt, it’s a nonsense designed to make the case for business as usual.
Human beings will continue to adapt to the changing climate in both ordinary and astonishing ways. But the most sensible form of adaptation is surely to adapt our energy systems to emit less carbon pollution. After all, if we adapt in the way, we may avoid the need to change in so many others.
65. The underlined part in Paragraph 2 implies .
A. adaptation is an ever-changing process
B. the cost of adaptation varies with time
C. global warming affects adaptation forms
D. adaptation to climate change is challenging
66. What is special with regard to Rezwan’s project?
A. The project receives government support.
B. Different organizations work with each other.
C. His organization makes the best of a bad situation.
D. The project connects flooded roads and highways.
67. What did the Ice Man do to reduce the effect of global warming?
A. Storing ice for future use.
B. Protecting the glaciers from melting.
C. Changing the irrigation time.
D. Postponing the melting of the glaciers.
68. What do we learn from the Peru example?
A. White paint is usually safe for buildings.
B. The global warming trend cannot be stopped.
C. This country is heating up too quickly.
D. Sunlight reflection may relieve global warming.
69. According to the author, polluting industries should .
A. adapt to carbon pollution
B. plant highly profitable crops
C. leave carbon emission alone
D. fight against carbon pollution
70. What’s the author’s preferred solution to global warming?
A. Setting up a new standard.
B. Reducing carbon emission.
C. Adapting to climate change.
D. Monitoring polluting industries.
Why is the world’s population growing? The answer is not what you might think. The reason for the explosion is not that people have been reproducing like rabbits, but that people have stopped dropping dead like flies. In 1900, people died at the average age of 30. By 2000 the average age was 65. But while increasing health was a typical feature of the 20th century, declining birth rate could be a defining one of the 21st.
Statistics show that the average number of births per woman has fallen from 4.9 in the early 1960s to 2.5 nowadays. Furthermore, around 50% of the world’s population live in regions where the figure is now below the replacement level (i.e.2.1 births per woman) and almost all developed nations are experiencing sub-replacement birth rate. You might think that developing nations would make up the loss (especially since 80% of the world’s people now live in such nations), but you’d be wrong. Declining birth rate is a major problem in many developing regions too, which might cause catastrophic global shortages of work force within a few decades.
A great decline in young work force is likely to occur in China, for instance. What does it imply? First, China needs to undergo rapid economic development before a population decline hits the country. Second, if other factors such as technology remain constant, economic growth and material expectations will fall well below recent standards and this could invite trouble.
Russia is another country with population problems that could break its economic promise. Since 1992 the number of people dying has been bigger than that of those being born by a massive 50%. Indeed official figures suggest the country has shrunk by 5% since 1993 and people in Russia live a shorter life now than those in 1961.Why is this occurring? Nobody is quite sure, but poor diet an above all long-time alcoholism have much to do with it. If current trends don’t bend, Russia’s population will be about the size of Yemen’s by the year 2050.
In the north of India, the population is booming due to high birth rates, but in the south, where most economic development is taking place, birth rate is falling rapidly. In a further twist, birth rate is highest in poorly educated rural areas and lowest in highly educated urban areas. In total, 25% of India’s working-age population has no education. In 2030, a sixth of the country’s potential work force could be totally uneducated.
One solution is obviously to import foreign workers via immigration. As for the USA, it is almost unique among developed nations in having a population that is expected to grow by 20% from 2010-2030. Moreover, the USA has a track record of successfully accepting immigrants. As a result it’s likely to see a rise in the size of its working-age population and to witness strong economic growth over the longer term.
Decline of the
The USA will increase, from 2010-2030, its population by 20% through (79) _______. This will (80)________ for the lack of young work force.
The (76) _______ death of Russians may result in a shrinking population, which would damage its economic future. It would be better if it can change people’s way of (77) ________.
Leaving aside the birth rate issue, India’s economy may take off when the country achieves (78)_____ of educational opportunity.
To guarantee its economic growth, China needs to deal with the population issue properly, as its workers are getting (75)______.
The impact of dropping birth rate on developing countries may not be (73) ________ but disastrous.
It would be difficult for developed countries to maintain the
(72) _________ of population.
1-5：CACBA 6-10：CABCB 11-15：BCABA 16-20：BCACA
21-25: ABDCB 26-30: CACDA 31-35: CDBAB
36-40: DDACB 41-45: ADCBD 46-50: AACBC 51-55: ADBBC
56-60: CB 58-60: BAC 61-64: ACBD 65-70: ACADDB
71. lower 72. size/scale 73. immediate 74. economic 75. old/older
76. earlier 77. living/life 78. equality 79. immigration 80. compensate
Possible version one
The box-office income of Chinese movies witnessed a constant increase from about 17 billion yuan in 2012 to over 40 billion in 2015. However, that increase slowed down in 2016.
The reasons behind this are obvious. The fast economic development before 2016 was probably the most powerful engine driving the constant growth in the box-office income. The application of new technologies and the wide appeal of movie stars could also account for the increase. However, China saw a decline in its economic growth rate last year. And the internet increased options for movie lovers. Consequently, some viewers began to turn away from cinemas, leading to a slower growth.
China’s economy is expected to grow at a medium speed in the coming years, so an increase is possible in the investment in the movie industry and the number of quality movies. Therefore, its box-office income will probably enjoy a slight increase.
Possible version two:
As is indicated in the graph, the box-office income of Chinese films increased constantly from 2012 to 2015, but its growth, for one reason or another, slowed down in 2016.
The increase in the box-office income can be attributed to (归因于) a number of factors. The quality of life has improved and watching film is regarded as a good means of entertainment. Besides, filming technology has advanced and more quality films are on offer. Moreover, the internet plays an important part. On the internet, people can seek information about their favourite stars and buy tickets at a discount as well, which is both time-saving and economical.
However, the film market may witness a slowdown in the near future. Cinemas have gradually given way to the rise of the internet and cellphones, and the ticket price is on the increase. Therefore, the film industry should make greater efforts to attract more viewers.
W: Have you seen the movie “Hangover”? We went to see it last night.
M: How was it?
W: Jason thought it was extremely amusing, but I was a bit disappointed.
M: Susan, I heard you are going to France. How long will you be staying there?
W: A whole year. My aunt lives there. I’m going to do a one-month course at a language school and spend the rest of the time traveling.
M: Let’s see what drinks you’ve got for the party tonight.
W: Everything! Beer, wine, soft drinks like Coke, 7-Up…you name it, I’ve got it! Have you ordered the cake?
M: Of course.
M: I don’t have a library card. Do I need one?
W: You have to have one only to take books out. You’re okay if you just sit in one of the rooms reading.
M: Well then, I’ll just read here. Thank you.
W: I wish I knew the times of the trains to London. But our phone’s out of order.
M: Don’t worry, Grandma. I’ll find out for you on the Internet.
W: Thank you!
W: Excuse me. I wonder if you could tell me how to find a place to have my shoes mended. I’m new in town.
M: Ah, there is a good shop not far from here. Go straight ahead and walk about three blocks. I can’t remember the name of the shop, but you’ll find it. It’s near the police station. By the way, you know about the town guide? It’s a thin book and has all kinds of useful information. You’ll find one in any bookstore.
W: Thanks a lot! You’ve been so helpful. Let’s see. Did you say the repair shop was three blocks away from here?
W: Thanks again.
M: I’ve been here many times. There are quite a lot of delicious dishes to choose from. What are you thinking of ordering?
W: Well, I haven’t decided yet. What are you going to order?
M: I think I’ll have the roast chicken. They really make it well here.
W: I had roast chicken yesterday when I ate out with Shelly.
M: Their beef steak is good, too. You can have it served with beans and mushrooms.
W: But I'm not that hungry. Is the fried fish or the seafood salad good?
M: Never had them before. Maybe if you get the steak, we could share.
W: That sounds like a good idea.
W: Hello, Mr. White. Do you think it’s possible for us to talk sometime today?
M: I’d love to, Miss Wilson, but I’ve got a pretty tight schedule today. I’ve got to finish reading the yearly financial report by 10. Then I have to drive to the airport to pick up an advertiser at 11. After that, I’ll have a meeting with him over lunch.
W: Can I see you after lunch?
M: Well, let me see…after lunch, I have to attend a senior staff meeting, which may last about two hours. Can you come at 3? We can talk for an hour before I meet my sales team at 4.
W: I’m afraid an hour is too short. What about tomorrow morning?
M: 9 to 11, then. I’ll wait for you at the office.
W: OK, see you then.
W: Hey, Bill. I hear they’re going to send you to Germany for the new project.
M: Boy, news travels fast around here! I only got the orders a couple of hours ago. Rachel doesn’t even know…
W: Oh, no? So, what are you waiting for? When do you plan to tell her?
M: Well, she is at work at the moment. She doesn’t finish until 5. I’ll have to wait until tonight now, I suppose.
W: Well, I was posted there before, back in 2008. It’s OK — a bit like England, really. At least the weather is similar, and the people aren’t much different. The only thing I didn’t like is the food, especially the sausages. What do you intend to do about the family? Are you going to take them with you?
M: Well, I’d like to, but I don’t know much about the situation at the moment…you know, about schools and all that. But I hope to move the family out there in a couple of months’ time. I don’t think I want to spend a year and a half out there on my own...I mean, without Rachel and the kids. I mean, I don’t see that much of them now as it is.
W: Yeah. Well, that’s the way it is normally in our company, I suppose.
M: Yeah. Well, we’ll see. Let me pay for the coffee.
W: No, no. I’ll pay.
W: Hello, everyone. Welcome to our program. I’m Jenny Jackson. The weather here in Juárez has become unbearable. With no rains for over a year, the city is suffering from unusually hot weather. Some light showers have been forecast since last month, but all of them have been effective in surrounding areas. Summer has not even started yet, but temperatures have reached 40 degrees centigrade in the past three days. And people have been warned not to go out of their homes — not if you walk on foot, at least — between 11 in the morning and 7 in the evening. Little kids and the elderly are the ones who have suffered the most from this extreme heat wave. They must drink water all the time. To help our audience have a better understanding of this extreme weather, we have invited Prof. Torres from University of Mexico to our studio this evening.
1-5 CACBA 6-10 CABCB 11-15 BCABA 16-20 BCACA